Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 , Vol 66 , Num 3
The effect of static and dynamic core exercises on dynamic balance, spinal stability, and hip mobility in female office workers
Emre Örgün 1 ,Cem Kurt 2 ,İlbilge Özsu 3
1 Department Sports Physiology, Okan University, Health Sciences Institute, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Trakya University, Kırkpınar School of Physical Education and Sport, Edirne, Turkey
3 Uşak University, Sports Science Faculty, Uşak, Turkey
DOI : 10.5606/tftrd.2020.4317 Objectives: This study aims to compare the effect of static and dynamic core exercises in terms of dynamic balance, spinal stability, and hip mobility in female office workers.

Patients and methods: Between May 2018 and June 2018, a total of 34 women (mean age 36.4±6.5 years; range, 28 to 54 years) who worked for a bank and exercised in the fitness center of the work place were recruited. The women were divided into two groups including 17 women in each as static and dynamic core groups and administered sessions of 20 to 30 min twice a week for six weeks. Both groups were tested for dynamic balance (Y-balance test), spinal stability (functional reach test), and hip mobility (active flexion and extension) before and after six weeks of exercise.

Results: A statistically significant improvement was found in both groups between the pre- and post-test results in terms of spinal stability, hip mobility, and dynamic balance (p<0.05). The only exception was the right and left leg anterior balance in the static core group. Dynamic core exercises seemed to be more effective than static core exercises in improving the right and left leg anterior balance. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of spinal stability, hip mobility, and dynamic balance according to the mean absolute change (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Our study results indicate that both types of exercises are effective in improving dynamic balance, spinal stability, and hip mobility in female office workers. Therefore, the expected benefits from core exercises are to enhance dynamic balance, spinal stability, and hip mobility. Female workers can perform both types of exercises safely and effectively. Keywords : Core exercise, female office workers, hip, range of motion, spinal stability, Y balance test